Arctic drills: Russia’s Northern fleet pilots polish deck takeoff & landing skills
source:YouTube TV ZVEZDA
Boeing B-52 Stratofortress, Tupolev Tu-95 Bear and Antonov An-124 Ruslan, all in one place. Nice for comparing them
A live counter-terrorism exercise called Vigilant Skies 2013 was held in August 2013. to test the NATO-Russia Council (NRC) Cooperative Airspace Initiative (CAI) Information Exchange System.
The participants of exercise are Turkish, Polish and Russian fighter aircraft and air traffic controllers. Scenario is hijacking two civilian airplanes in Turkish, Russian and Polish airspace. All air traffic controllers coordinated fighters to do intercepting and escorting the airplane to landings.
Cooperative Airspace Initiative (CAI) is launched in 2002 to develop sharing air traffic information and communication capability to coordinate for scenarios like above mentioned, terrorist air security threats.
CAI network consist of 4 air traffic control stations in Nato countries and 4 in Russia, where they are connected by coordination centers in Warsaw and Moscow.
On 22nd February is anniversary of the 1st flight, of one of the most used ground attacker in the world. It will be 40 years of the 1st flight, of legend Su-25 Frogfoot.
Su-25 was in service in many countries around the world, and still in use. Su-25 survived some modernizations during his long time usage.
Used in many wars and conflicts, OKB Suhogo used Su-25 war experience to make him better, stronger to survive any bad situation.
Frogfoot is very tough jet, with two separated engines, subsonic, with possibility to carry tons of bombs and rockets, and have possibility to fly with only one engine.
More than 1000 units are produced and used in Angola, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Peru, Sudan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan,Ukraine, Slovakia, Kazakhstan, Gambia, Georgia, Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Belarus, Azerbaijan, Armenia, SSSR/Russia.
Involved in wars and conflicts:
- Soviet war in Afghanistan
- Iran–Iraq War
- Persian Gulf War
- Abkhazian War
- First Chechen War
- Second Chechen War
- Ethiopian-Eritrean War
- 2001 insurgency in the Republic of Macedonia
- War in Darfur
- Ivorian-French clashes
- 2008 Russia–Georgia war
- 2014-2015 conflict in Ukraine
- 2014 Northern Iraq offensive
- Su-25 – basic version, single seat, produced in Georgia
- Su-25K – export version of basic version, produced in Georgia
- Su-25UB – twin seat version / trainer
- Su-25UBK – export variant of Su-25UB trainer
- Su-25UBM – Su-25UBM is a twin seat variant that can be used as an operational trainer, but also has attack capabilities, and can be used for reconnaissance, target designation and airborne control.
- Su-25UTG – is a variant of the Su-25UB designed to train pilots in takeoff and landing on a land-based simulated carrier deck, with a sloping ski-jump section and arrester wires. About 10 are produced, half remained in Russian service after 1991 and were used on Russia’s sole aircraft carrier, the Admiral Kuznetsov. This small number of aircraft were insufficient to meet the training needs of Russia’s carrier air group, so a number of Su-25UBs were converted into Su-25UTGs. These aircraft being distinguished by the alternative designation Su-25UBP
- Su-25BM – is a target-towing variant of the Su-25 whose development began in 1986. The prototype, designated T-8BM1, successfully flew for the first time on 22 March 1990, at Tbilisi, and later was put into production.
- Su-25T – is a dedicated antitank version, which has been combat-tested with notable success in Chechnya. The design of the aircraft is similar to the Su-25UB ( unification of 85%). The variant was converted to one-seater, with the rear seat replaced by additional avionics
- Su-25TM (Su-39) – A second-generation Su-25T, the Su-25TM (also designated Su-39), has been developed with improved navigation and attack systems, and better survivability. While retaining the built-in Shkval of Su-25T, it may carry Kopyo (rus. “Spear”) radar in the container under fuselage, which is used for engaging air targets (with RVV-AE/R-77 missiles) as well as ships (with Kh-31 and Kh-35 antiship missiles).
- Su-25SM – is an “affordable” upgrade program for the Su-25, conceived by the Russian Air Force (RuAF) in 2000. The program stems from the attempted Su-25T and Su-25TM upgrades, which were evaluated and labeled as over-sophisticated and expensive. The SM upgrade incorporates avionics enhancements and air-frame refurbishment to extend the Frogfoot’s service life by up to 500 flight hours or 5 years. Navigation and attack precision provided by the new suite is three times better of the baseline Su-25 and is reported to be within 15 m (49 ft) using satellite correction and 200 m (660 ft) without it. Su-25SM weapon suite has been expanded with the addition of the Vympel R-73 highly agile air-to-air missile (albeit without helmet mounted cuing and only the traditional longitudinal seeker mode) and the S-13T 130 mm rockets (carried in five-round B-13 pods) with blast-fragmentation and armor-piercing warheads.
- Su-25KM – nicknamed “Scorpion”, is an Su-25 upgrade program announced in early 2001 by the original manufacturer, Tbilisi Aircraft Manufacturing in Georgia, in partnership with Elbit Systems of Israel. The prototype aircraft made its maiden flight on 18 April 2001 at Tbilisi in full Georgian Air Force markings. Standard Su-25 air-frame, enhanced with advanced avionics including a glass cockpit, digital map generator, helmet-mounted display, computerized weapons system, complete mission pre-plan capability, and fully redundant backup modes. Performance enhancements include a highly accurate navigation system, pinpoint weapon delivery systems, all-weather and day/night performance, NATO compatibility, state-of-the art safety and survivability features, and advanced on board debriefing capabilities complying with international requirements. It has the ability to use Mark 82 and Mark 83 laser-guided bombs and air-to-air missiles, the short-range Vympel R-73.
- Su-28 – is an advanced basic jet trainer, built on the basis of the Su-25UB as a private initiative by the Sukhoi Design Bureau. The Su-28 is a light aircraft designed to replace the Czechoslovak Aero L-39 Albatros. Unlike the basic Su-25UB, it lacks a weapons-control system, built-in cannon, weapons hard-points, and engine armour.
- Su-25R – a tactical reconnaissance variant designed in 1978, but never built.
- Su-25U3 – also known as the “Russian Troika”, was a three-seat basic trainer aircraft. The project was suspended in 1991 due to lack of funding
- Su-25U – a trainer variant of Su-25s produced in Georgia between 1996 and 1998. Three aircraft were built in total, all for the Georgian Air Force.
- Su-25M1 – modernized by Ukrainian Air Force, one built, few more are ordered.
- Su-25UBM1 – modernized by Ukrainian Air Force
Su-25 have 11 hardpoints and can carry about 4.000 kg loads:
Gun: 1 × GSh-30-2 30mm cannon with 250 rounds
Missiles: Kh-23 (AS-7), AS-9, Kh-25L (AS-10), Kh-29 (AS-14) air-to-surface missiles, K-13 (AA-2) or R-60 (AA-8) air-to-air missiles
Bombs: FAB-250, FAB-500, KAB-500 laser-guided bomb