Russian pilotage group from Lipetsk military training centre on Su-27 aircraft during a group flight as the world’s most experienced pilots demonstrate their skills above the sky of Zhukovsky, near Mosow, Russia, at the MAKS 2007 International Air Show on 25 August 2007. EPA/SERGEI CHIRIKOV
Lipetsk Air Base is an air base in Lipetsk area, Russia located 12 km northwest of Lipetsk. It is the combat training center of Russian Air Force, analogous to the U.S. Air Force’s Nellis Air Force Base. The base is made up of two medium-sized airfields joined together.
In 1925, the Soviet government allowed Germany to open an air combat school at Lipetsk. That permitted Germany to evade treaty restrictions on the development of military aviation, while the Soviet Air Forces received technical advice and access to test results. By 1933, the Soviets concluded that the arrangement was not worthwhile, and the new German government agreed (for different reasons). The school was closed.
From January 1934 became operational flight-tactical Graduate School of the VVS (Air Force).After WW2 started jets era, adding new regiment, making command staff for long-range missions. During that period,, built two airfields.
4th Air Force combat center was formed in Tambov April 19th, 1953, and in 1954 was transferred to Voronezh, and finally in 1960 – in Lipetsk. Later was converted into a 4th Combat and Conversion Training Center of the Air Force.
During the Soviet period, Training center trained more than 45.000 officers and various specialists. In Lipetsk air base were trained pilots on new types of aircrafts and 11 Soviet space program cosmonauts-pilots. As a symbol of the glorious history of aviation in Lipetsk, in August 1969 in Aviators area was built monument with MiG-19.
In 1992, the pilots of the Center made the first tactical aircraft flight to the United States in the Su-27, in 1995 — 36 had a mock fight with the pilots of South Africa and all won.
After the collapse of the USSR military-industrial complex was degraded, the budget of the armed forces has significantly reduced and, as a consequence, for the Lipetsk Air Base fell on hard times. Than since 2003 began a change for the better: to increase the limit of fuel, began to strengthen and finally military flight school could live again.
In July 2003, the 300th anniversary of the city of Lipetsk, there was hour and a half airshow. This event was made because of a visit delegation of French military pilots, headed by General Jean Romuald Robert. The delegation arrived in two military transport aircraft C-130, three fighters “Mirage” and attack aircraft F-200.
Pilots involved in the aerospace aviation center salons “MAKS-2007”, “MAKS-2009” and “MAKS-2011”, where combat aircraft Su-27 and Su-30 demonstrated maneuverable dogfight and group aerobatics.
Units in Lipetsk air base:
– 968th IISAP Sevastopol Composite Training and Research Aviation Regiment, Lipetsk Air Base, fighter jets MiG-29, Su-27, Su-27M, Su-30, bombers Su-24M, Su-24M2, Su-34, reconnaissance plane Su-24MP, jammer Su-24MP, strike-fighter Su-25, Su-25T, Su-25SM
– 4020th – Base for Reserve Aircraft
In 2008. year, in 968 IISAP are 4 squadrons: 1st fighters squadron (Su-27 Flanker, Su-27UB two seat Flanker, Su-30, Su-27SM); 2nd fighters squadron (MiG-29 Fulcrum); 3rd bomber squadron (Su-24M Fencer); 4th assault squadron (Su-25 frogfoot)
During 2007. the Center received new multi-role fighter-bombers Su-34 Fullbacks and upgraded Sukhoi Su-24M2 Fencers
Currently, the Center is the main base for the study of combat capabilities of the MiG-29, MiG-31, Su-24, Su-25, Su-27, Su-30, Su-34, Tu-22M3, Tu-95 and their modifications as well as the Mi-24, Mi-28MN, Ka-50 and Ka-52, followed by introduction of the practice of the Air Force (IAF) developments obtained in the course of flight experiments.
Since the establishment of the Center is mastered over 40 major types of manned and unmanned aerial vehicles, has trained more than 60 thousand officers from various specialties, retrained for new aviation equipment 11 cosmonauts of the USSR, were serving 32 of the Hero of the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation.
The “Russian Falcons” aerobatic team was established in 2006 at the Lipetsk Air Base and are the Russian Air Force aerobatic display team flying with specially-painted MiG-29s and Su-27s, and now Su-30SM. The “Russian Falcons” is the team’s unofficial name since it does yet have official status as a unit.
The 4th Center of Combat Application and Conversion of Frontline Aviation, Russia’s Top Gun school since around the 1960s, is the most well known unit on the base. Its chief, Col. Kharchevski, became famous after air combat exercises in the USA and has become the personal pilot of President Putin.
Lipetsk air base:
Sources: ru.wikipedia.org; http://survincity.com/
Russian Knights at Kecskemet, Hungary airshow 2013 had great display. Unfortunately, this year we will not see airshow there, because HuAF is very busy this year. They are doing air policing missions in Slovenia and the Baltics also, and get the close air support – CAS ability of course outside of their main mission, protection of the Hungarian airspace.
The airshow, that has now 14 years of history, has established a great reputation and appreciation throughout Europe as well as around the World. In 2013 it was the 9th time that an airshow was held at Kecskemét, and if we take into account all the country’s airshows, then it was the 14th time an international airshow took place in Hungary. One of the biggest open air events in Hungary, it has attracted more than 100000 spectators, but the future of it is still not visible. The Hungarian Defense Ministry told Airshowinfo.hu that in next year there won’t be an air show, it is possible in 2016 at the latest.
Five PAK-FAs have been produced and three more are now being constructed at the Sukhoi Aviation Holding Company Y.A.Gagarin in Komsomolsk-on-Amur (KnAAZ).Sophisticated equipment, stealth technology, super maneuverability, weapons,…placing T-50 or PAK-FA fighter jet to 5th generation fighter jet class. Someone saying this is a copy of American project and serial produced F-35 or F-22, but we just can guess this is final project of many years experience and knowledge in OKB Sukhoi corporation, which tracking military trends and requests to stay in aviation and technological race, side by side with possible opponents.
Similar to F-22, Sukhoi PAK-FA should be able to cruise supersonically for extended periods of time. PAK-FA is powered by highly upgraded AL-31F engines that powers the Su-35S and initial production PAK FA aircraft. , and received code name Izdeliye 117 or AL-41F1, made for supercruise. It is also notable that the engine is capable of mounting 3D thrust vectoring nozzles for extra manoeuvrability.
PAK-FA is also equipped with a powerful avionics package, which is an evolution of Sukhoi’s work on the Flanker family fighters, like Su-35.There is very high power-aperture X-band multimode AESA radar.
PAK-FA is still testing and for sure will have some changes, modifications. Developing by two sides, India and Russia, we will have two users in start. The Russian Air Force (VVS) will have received 55 Sukhoi PAK-FA (T-50) fighter aircraft by 2020.India planned on acquiring modified PAK FA as a part of its Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft (FGFA) program. It originally planned on buying 166 single-seat and 44 two-seat variants, but this has since been reduced to 144 single-seat aircraft due to cost.
The aircraft is expected to have a service life of up to 35 years.
sources: janes.com ; wikipedia