Early in the morning of September 21, 1953, two months after the end of the Korean War, North Korean Air Force Lt. But Kum Sok fly from the airbase Sunan, situated near Pyongyang. 21-year-old pilot confidently sent his plane to the side of the demarcation line between North and South Korea’s. But then, Kum Sok crossed the border and landed at the airport near Seoul Gimpo.
His flight lasted only 17 minutes. After landing, the MiG-15 taxied to the free parking lot next to the American “Sabre”. In front of astonished Americans the pilot got off the plane and then tore up a portrait of Kim Il Sung.
Curiously, during the Korean War, the Americans carried out the operation Moolah (Engl. “Bucks”) in order to get their hands on a workable copy of the Soviet jet fighter.
MiG-15 in their characteristics was not inferior, and in some respects was superior to the newest American fighter F-86 “Sabre”. Naturally, that kind of the aircraft was of great interest for US military.
In the spring of 1953, the USA gave the green light for the operation during which any Soviet, Chinese or North Korean pilot flown to the south would receive asylum and $ 50 000, and the pilot who escaped the first – to $ 100 000 ( about $ 900,000 in today’s prices).
On the night of April 26, 1953, two American bomber B-29 Superfortress dropped 1.2 million leaflets to the proposal on the Korean, Russian and Chinese on North Korea. On the April 27, 1953 14 stations in Japan and South Korea broadcast in Korean, Russian and Chinese languages:
“… All the brave pilots, who want to free themselves from the Communist yoke and start a better life … you are guaranteed shelter, protection, humane care and respect … If drivers wish, their names will be permanently stored in secret …”
However, none of the MiG-15 flown to the UN troops control area. In fact, the operation failed.
Only “success” was accidental because Lt. Kum Sok, although later received $ 100,000, claimed that he knew nothing about the American proposal. Explaining his escape, he said that he just got tired of living with the “red liars”. According to the pilot, the North Korean pilots have not even seen the American flyers since the spring, when the Americans threw them into the territory of the North Korea.
Russia’s first fifth-generation fighter will soon begin military training. Today, news agency RIA Novosti reported that the Scientific and Production Concern “Tehmash”, which is part of the State Corporation “Rostec” produced the first batch of shells for the T-50, also known as the PAK FA.
According to the Group “Tehmash” General Director Sergey Rusakov already made the first batch of 30-mm shells automatic guns 9 A1-4071K. We are talking about the new heat-resistant ammunition, which will soon be transferred to the Sukhoi Design Bureau, engaged in the development and testing of the new fighter.
According Rusakov, the new fighter will be equipped with high-explosive incendiary bombs OFZAB-500 volume-detonating bombs ODAB-500PMV.
Tests : ODAB-500PMV
Ammunition OFZAB-500 and ODAB-500PMV allow the fighter to perform maneuvers with large overloads, as developed for use at high speeds with small heights. Bomb OFZAB-500 is designed to engage manpower and easily vulnerable field installations, warehouses and fuel depots, ODAB-500PMV – to engage manpower, industrial constructions, easily vulnerable technology, light engineering structures, as well as the demining of antipersonnel and antitank minefields.
T-50 (PAK FA) – Russia’s fifth-generation fighter, created to replace the MiG-29 and Su-27. The development of T-50 began in the 80s, but after the collapse of the USSR the project was put on hold until 2001. The first flight of a new fighter aircraft took place in January 2010, and in 2014 began its flight tests. According to plans of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, the first production models of the PAK FA must be received by the Russian Army in 2018.
Thanks to Adolfo Alfonzo
National Interest magazine compared the characteristics of the Russian Su-35 and its American opponents – F-35, F-15 and F-16.
The publication refers to the Su-35 is a good example of how Russia manages to modernize the armed forces. Despite the sanctions and economic difficulties, the country continues to “one after the other to produce new combat system”, writes the National Interest.
The closest analogue of the Su-35 is a fourth-generation American fighter F-15 Eagle, designed for air superiority.
Although the Su-35 is slightly inferior to the F-15 at the maximum speed, it accelerates faster thanks to its powerful engine AL-41F1S developed by NPO “Saturn”. The Russian aircraft is capable of supersonic speed without afterburner and easy to maneuver thanks to the thrust vector control.
The advantage of the Su-35 is also a means of electronic warfare, which can damage the guided missiles AIM-120C AMRAAM. This fighter has a strong arsenal of rockets “air-air” class, against which old electronics F-15 may be impotent. Pentagon is aware of this and they intend to invest 7.6 billion dollars in its modernization.
On the other hand, the advantage over large distances can be on the side of F-15, which is equipped with advanced radar systems.
“The real problem is that the Su-35 and F-15 are comparable at the moment – and that worries the US Air Force”, – notes the National Interest. US used to deal with opponents who concede them technologically, but in the case of the Su-35 that is no advantage, the article says.
As for the F-16, Su-35 exceeds the capabilities of that aircraft, which is also equipped with a less advanced radar.
In the case of a collision of the Su-35 and F-35, the outcome of the match will depend on the fifth-generation fighter pilot skills.
“How to behave in a group of four F-35 collided with four Su-35? Most likely, they will change course and will be called the F-22 and F-15, which are designed to win air superiority.”, – NI writes.
To cope with the Su-35 alone, the F-35 will have to use stealth technology and detection system to avoid the melee, in which an American fighter is extremely vulnerable The F-35 was originally developed not for air combat, it is less maneuverable and not as fast as, for example F-22 Raptor.
“If the F-35 will be forced to enter into a dogfight, the only factor that can save the life of the pilot – is that he own more advanced skills and experience,” – emphasizes the publication.
The Sukhoi T-50 PAK FA, Russia’s 5th generation radar-evading jet, has undertaken live testing of its 30 mm cannon.
Footage reportedly filmed at a range outside Moscow shows a test platform fire the 9-A1-4071K cannon, an upgraded version of the GSh-30-1 30 mm automatic cannon developed by the Instrument Design Bureau for High Precision Weapons in 2014.
Based on the data released so far, the gun (that complements a wide array of weapons that the aircraft will be able to carry), 50 kg in weight, can fire at a rate of 1,800 rounds per minute, “the best such performance for this type of weapon around.”
The T-50 is a stealth equipped with a front, side and rear AESA radar, as well as L Band radars. It features TVC (Thrust Vectoring Control), a top speed exceeding Mach 2 and a supermaneuverability that makes the stealth plane able to perform, among the others, even the famous Cobra maneuver.
Expected to enter mass production next year, the Russian Defense Ministry plans to buy at least one squadron of T-50 aircraft in 2018.
The first four Su-35 fighter jets from a 24 aircraft arms deal between the two allies are to be delivered before the end of the year according to a statement by the Komsomolsk-on-Amur aviation plant.
This week the governor of Khabarovsk Krai, a federal area located in the Russian Far East, said in a statement during the opening of a new aircraft production plant that China will receive the first four Russian-made Sukhoi Su-35 multirole fighter jets in consideration of a 24 aircraft deal between Moscow and Beijing signed in November of 2015.
From 2016 to 2018, the Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aircraft Production plant will build and deliver a total of 24 Su-35 combat jets to China, the governor said according to RIA news agency as part of the agreement first forged between the parties in late 2015.
The fighter jet has a maximum speed of 1,553 MPH (2500kmh) with advanced dry thrust and afterburner capabilities that enhance the aircraft’s dogfight maneuverability and semi-stealth design that makes it possibly the most lethal fighter jet in the sky.
The Su-35 is Russia’s top air-superiority fighter, until the fifth-generation PAK-FA stealth fighter comes into production, with a clear maneuverability edge over existing fighter jets and a limited radar cross section after adjustments were made to the engine inlets and canopy as well as a series of modifications including the use of “radar-absorbent material” that gives the flanker a stealth-like profile.
The fighter jet comes armed with K-77M radar-guided missiles with a range of over 120 miles (193km) providing pilots with standoff capabilities ensuring pilot protection, an R-74 infrared-guided missiles that allow for targeting by a pilot using a helmet-mounted optical sight, and a thirty-millimeter cannon with 150 rounds for dogfight battles.
The acquisition of the Su-35 by the Chinese is a major boon for the country’s defense as well as its avionics industry. China has worked to produce its own turbofan akin to the Su-35’s, known as the WS-10 turbofan, but it continues to underperform the Russian-made AL-117S. If China is able to reverse engineer the technology they may be able to rapidly overcome their avionics gap with the West.
Read more: Sputniknews