During air show, on July 27,2002, honoring the 60th anniversary of the 14th Air Corps in Lviv airport Sknyliv, Su-27UB (Armed Forces of Ukraine) fell in to the crowd and Killed 77 people (including 28 children).
The Su-27UB was under control (performing aerobatics) of two pilots: 45-year-old commander VA Toponar and 49-year-old co-pilot YM Egorov. The plane went into a downward turn at low altitude. Despite the attempt to get out of the bend-up fighter lost height too quickly. The plane hit a tree, then hit the the concrete with left wing and keep sliding on the ground through the airfield filled with spectators. The plane slide to standing IL-76 and began to tumble, the reservoir fell to the ground, there was an explosion and the plane was completely destroyed.
As a result of the disaster 77 people was killed, including 28 children, several hundred people received injuries of varying severity. To the place of the fall were immediately pulled calculations and fire brigade ambulance.
Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma blame for the tragedy laid on the military, dismissed Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine Colonel-General Viktor Strelnikov. Simultaneously, the Ukrainian defense minister Vladimir Shkidchenko tendered his resignation, however, the resignation was not accepted.
6th of September, 2002 the results of the investigation Commission of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine were published. As the main causes of the tragedy was “An error in piloting Su-27”
Multirole fighter Sukhoi-30SM is an offspring of the Sukhoi-30 family. The latest alteration boasts the same capabilities as the export-oriented Sukhoi-30 MKI. Its onboard electronic equipment was adjusted to meet domestic requirements. The plane’s weaponry was changed and a new ejection seat installed.
The Sukhoi-30SM (batch-produced, upgraded) is meant for gaining air supremacy and attacking surface targets on land and in the sea. Horizontal stabilizers in the front part of the fuselage and thrust vectoring engines lend the plane super-maneuverability.
The plane is equipped with a multi-functional control radar Bars, a system of refueling in flight, new navigation systems, wider range of group operations control equipment and an improved life support system.
The Sukhoi-30SM has impressive flight range and duration parameters, such as a combat range of 1,500 kilometers. It can also be used for training pilots for single-seat fighter jets of the future.
Twelve suspension devices enable the plane to carry medium-range air-to-air missiles of the R-27 family (up to eight), R-77 (ten) and short-range R-73 missiles (up to six).
Armed with anti-radar and anti-ship missiles Kh-31P and Kh-31A (up to six) the Sukhoi-30SM can be used in operations to suppress enemy air defense and destroy surface ships. Also, the Sukhoi-30SM is capable of delivering pin-point strikes with:
– Kh-59 family missiles (up to five);
– Guided air bombs KAB-250 (up to six), KAB-500 (up to six) and KAB 1500 (up to three);
– Kh-29T missiles with a TV-guided warhead (up to six);
– Unguided air bombs (100 kg, 250 kg and 500 kg).
– Sets of unguided missiles S-8 (set B-8M) and S-13 (B-13P), and S-24 and S-25 missiles.
Three newly-manufactured Sukhoi-30SM fighter jets have been delivered to the Black Sea Fleet’s aviation group, the fleet’s press-secretary Vyacheslav Trukhachyov said on Monday.
The planes have already arrived at their permanent base Saki in Crimea.
“The planes were manufactured at the Irkutsk Aircraft-Building Plant and handed over to the Black Sea Fleet under a program for upgrading its aviation group. Upon completing a long flight the jets joined a separate air assault regiment of the Black Sea Fleet,” Trukhachev said.
The Sukhoi-30SM crews earlier underwent training at a center in Yeisk.
The Sukhoi-30SM is a generation 4++ highly-maneuverable multi-role fighter. The Black Sea Fleet has been using them since 2015.