Su-37 Flanker F – Terminator

Multi-Role Export Flanker

The designation Su-37 was first used to market a truly multi-role version of the Su-35 (Su-27M) to the United Arab Emirates (UAE) air force. The Su-37MR (MR for multi-role) that was offered would have French-built instrumentation equipment and a number of changes in the avionics. Sukhoi Design Bureau and KnAAPO export company selected the series produced T10M-11 (Su-27M pre-production test aircraft) for conversion, which had already been testing the multi-mode N011M phased array radar. However the UAE preferred the Mirage 2000-9 and it was decided to use the T10M-11 as flying test-bed for the engine thrust vector control (TVC) system. The Su-37 designation was retained.

Su-37 Flanker F - Terminator

Su-37 Flanker F – Terminator

Introducing Thrust Vector Control

The TVC system enables the aircraft to direct its thrust produced by the AL-31F engines in a different angle than the flight path on the vertical axis. In high angles of attack, normally an aircraft would stall and the pilot would lose control because of the disrupted airflow over the control surfaces. Also at very low air speeds, the control surfaces no longer function effectively. With TVC the aircraft can still be controlled under these circumstances by using the engines thrust instead of the airflow.

The new Su-37 made its first flight fitted with the TVC engines on 2 April 1996 by Sukhoi’s test pilot Yevgeny Frolov. The aircraft was nicknamed Terminator.

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The Su-37’s TVC system is integrated into the aircraft’s fly-by-wire system, giving the aircraft controllability at beyond-critical angles of attack and near-zero speeds. The Su-37 was able of performing aerobatics unmatched by any contemporary fighter. Examples include vertical somersault while retaining the flight path (Frolov’s chakra), forced tight radius turns, controlled spin. This super-maneuverability would give the Su-37 an edge in dogfights with other aircraft. It also stunned the public at the Farnborough airshow in September 1996, Le Bourget in June 1997 and MAKS in August of 1997.

Su-37 and F-16

Su-37 near F-16

The Su-37 engine nozzles swiveled only vertically (2D vectoring). Lyulka-Saturn further developed the vectoring nozzle which resulted in the AL-31FP thrust vector control engines capable of moving in both vertical and horizontal axes (3D vectoring). The AL-31FP engine was offered to foreign customers on more advanced developments of the Su-30MK such as the Su-30MKI of the Indian Air Force and as an option for customized versions of the earlier Su-35 ‘Super’ Flanker.

Sukhoi Su-37 multirole fighter technology demonstrator at Farnborough 1996 airshow

Sukhoi Su-37 multirole fighter technology demonstrator at Farnborough 1996 airshow

End of the Su-37?

The Su-37’s life ended when T10M-11 (serial 711) was lost in a crash on flying a ferry flight in Russia. The aircraft was not fitted with the TVC engines at the time of the crash. No other Su-27Ms have been converted to Su-37 specifications, nor has the Su-37 design entered production. The Su-37 was never an official designation recognized by the Russian Air Force.

su37

The crash of 711 effectively means the end of the Su-37 as we have known since 1996. The possibility remains that the designation Su-37 will be re-used in the future for other Flanker derivatives. Reportedly, localized Su-35 (Su-27BM) air frames for the Russian Air Force will re-use the Su-37 designation.

Su-37 Flanker F

Su-37 Flanker F

 

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 21.935 m (72 ft 9 in)
  • Wingspan: 14.698 m (48 ft 3 in)
  • Height: 5.932 m (21 ft 1 in)
  • Wing area: 62.0 m² (667 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 18,500 kg (40,790 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 35,000 kg (77,160 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Lyulka AL-37FU after burning turbofans
    • Dry thrust: 7,600 kgf (74.5 kN, 16,750 lbf) each
    • Thrust with afterburner: 145 kN (32,000 lbf) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: Mach 2.35
  • Range: 3,300 km (1,833 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 18,000 m (59,055 ft)
  • Maximum g-loading: +10/−3 g

Armament

  • 1 × 30 mm GSh-30 cannon with 150 rounds
  • 12 × wing and fuselage stations for up to 8,000 kg (17,636 lb) of ordnance
SU-37 blueprint

click to enlarge

VIdeo about Su-37 Terminator below:


Source: Wikipedia , Milavia

Novosibirsk aviation plant filled 2014 annual plan for Su-34

Ria Novosti wrote few days ago that Novosibirsk aviation plant (“НОВОСИБИРСКИЙ АВИАЦИОННЫЙ ЗАВОД им. В.П. ЧКАЛОВА”) has filled annual plan for 2014. about supplying Russian Air Force with Su-34 Fullbacks, on time and as was ordered by Ministry of Defense.

0_1d29f_de8d6e30_XLConstant modernization of Russian Air Force doing well in last few years and today, and situation is much better than before. Airbases are getting new planes or modernized, all the time, but there are still hard jobs to make Air Force more stronger, even they are now well prepared for any alert actions. They still needs more new planes such as multirole jets Su-35 and Su-34, to be absolutely sophisticated, to make them total air superior air force.

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Plant already sent 16 machines to Air Force, and until end of year will send two more – said president of the region.

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Novosibirsk aviation plant is one of the largest aircraft manufacturer companies in Russia. Since the early nineties to the present, the company produces multi-purpose fighter Su-34 Fullback.

As a part of the Holding company Sukhoi, in Novosibirsk aviation plant is working on the Sukhoi Superjet 100 (SSJ-100), Russia’s new regional aircraft.

 

Russian Su-34 fighter-bombers Production Factory 8 Russian Su-34 fighter-bombers Production Factory 3 aMwsjPH Su-34 Novossibirsk (3)

source: Ria Novosti