The Su-34 Fullback, also known as Su-27IB or export code name Su-32, was developed by OKB Suhogo/Sukhoi Joint Stock Company. Russian Air Force ordered in first rate 32 jets in 2008., and later place order for 92 jets in 2012.
Russian Air Force received first two Su-34 in December 2006.
Serial production started in January 2008. Until today (February 2015), Russian Air Force received 65 multi role fighter jets Su-34 Fullbacks, and will not stop on that number.Russian Air Force are in modernization status. Few more years will use Su-24 Fencer as main jet for this role, but plan is that Su-34 take Fencers place here.
Su-34 is a two seater and designed primarily for tactical deployment against ground and naval targets, on solo and group missions in daytime and at night, under favorable and adverse weather conditions and in a hostile environment with counter-fire and EW counter-measures deployed, as well as for air reconnaissance. Because it is based on the Su-27 family, it can also carry out air-to-air missions (interception/air superiority/dogfight), as a secondary role.
The Su-34 replaces for Tu-23M and Su-24 aircraft. Su-34 is one of a number of Russian aircraft, Su-30, Su-33 and Su-35, which are based and developed from the Su-27 Flanker.
The Su-34 design retains the basic layout and construction of the Su-27 airframe, with a conventional high-wing configuration and a substantial part of the onboard equipment. The Su-34 has a changed contour of the nose section to accommodate an advanced multi-mode phased array radar with terrain following and terrain avoidance modes. It has a two-seat rather than single-seat cockpit. The capacity of the internal fuel tanks has been increased with a resulting increased take-off weight. Changes have been made to the central tail boom for a rear-facing radar.
The Su-34’s most distinctive feature is the unusually large flight deck. Much of the design work went into crew comfort. The two crew members sit side by side in a large cabin, with the pilot-commander to the left and navigator/operator of weapons to the right in NPP Zvezda K-36dm ejection seats. An advantage of the side by side cockpit is that duplicate instruments are not required for each pilot. Since long missions require comfort, the pressurization system allows operation up to 10,000 metres (32,800 ft) without oxygen masks, which are available for emergencies and combat situations. The crew members have room to stand and move about the cabin during long missions. The space between the seats allows them to lie down in the corridor, if necessary.A toilet and a galley are located behind the crew seats.Entrance into the cockpit is from below, using a ladder attached to the nose landing gear and a hatch in the cockpit floor. The cockpit is a continuous capsule of armour.
Maximum detection major range for the forward radar is 200–250 km (to review the rear another, aft-mounted, radar is used). The main radar can simultaneously attack the 4 targets (in the air, on land or on the water). The rear warning radar system can warn of attack from behind and it can also attack from behind, without turning the aircraft. Radar defence the rear as claimed unofficially this N-012 radar.
- Crew: 2
- Length: 23.34 m (72 ft 2 in)
- Wingspan: 14.7 m (48 ft 3 in)
- Height: 6.09 m (19 ft 5 in)
- Wing area: 62.04 m² (667.8 ft²)
- Empty weight: 22,500 kg (49,608 lb)
- Loaded weight: 39,000 kg (85,980 lb)
- Useful load: 12,000 kg (26,455 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 45,100 kg (99,425 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × 13,500 kgf (132 kN, 29,762 lbf) afterburning thrust Lyulka AL-31FM1turbofans
- Internal fuel: 12,100 kg (15,400 l)
- Maximum speed:
- High altitude: Mach 1.8+ (≈2,000 km/h, 1,200 mph)
- Low altitude: Mach 1.2 (1,400 km/h, 870 mph) at sea level
- Cruise speed: unknown
- Range: 1,100 km (680 mi) at low level altitude
- Combat radius: 1,000+ km (about 680 mi)
- Ferry range: 4,000 km (2,490 mi)
- Service ceiling: 15,000 m (49,200 ft)
- Thrust/weight: 0.68
- Guns: 1× 30 mm GSh-30-1 (9A-4071K) cannon, 150–180 rounds
- Hardpoints: 12× wing and fuselage stations with a capacity of 8,000–12,000 kg and provisions to carry combinations of:
- S-8, S-13, S-25 rocket pods
- R-27 (AA-10) air-to-air missile
- R-73 (AA-11) air-to-air missile
- R-77 (AA-12) air-to-air missile
- Kh-29L/T (AS-14) air-to-ground missile
- Kh-38 new generation air-to-ground missile with a range of 40 km
- Kh-25MT/ML/MP (AS-10) air-to-ground missile or anti-radiation missile
- Kh-59M (AS-18) air-to-ground missile
- Kh-58 (AS-11) anti-radiation missile
- Kh-31 (AS-17) anti-radiation or anti-ship missile
- Kh-35 (AS-20) anti-ship missile
- P-800 Oniks missile (SS-N-26 Strobile) anti-ship missile (version for the Air Force). Version he named “Alpha”weight of 1500 kg with a range of up to 300 km and a speed in the range of numbers M = 2.2-3.0. Officially not in service.
- Kh-65SE or Kh-SD cruise missile
- KAB-500L or KAB-500KR or KAB-1500L/KR guided bombs
- OFAB-250-270, OFAB-100-120, FAB-500T, BETAB-500SHP, P-50T, ODAB-500PM unguided bombs, RBK-500 and SPBE-D cluster bombs, nuclear bombs.
- 3,000 litres PTB-3000 Suspended Fuel Tanks, EW and reconnaissance pods.6